To all my Southern Hemisphere friends I wish you a blessed Samhain, stay safe and keep warm as the weather turn cold. Blessed Be!
Samhain Lore reblogged from http://witchesofthecraft.com/2015/05/01/samhain-lore/#respond
Samhain, (pronounced SOW-in, SAH-vin, or SAM-hayne) means “End of Summer”, and is the third and final Harvest. The dark winter half of the year commences on this Sabbat.
It is generally celebrated on October 31st, in the Northern Hemisphere, but here in the Southern Hemisphere May 1, is is but some traditions prefer November 1st. It is one of the two “spirit-nights” each year, the other being Beltane. It is a magical interval when the mundane laws of time and space are temporarily suspended, and the Thin Veil between the worlds is lifted. Communicating with ancestors and departed loved ones is easy at this time, for they journey through this world on their way to the Summerlands. It is a time to study the Dark Mysteries and honor the Dark Mother and the Dark Father, symbolized by the Crone and her aged Consort.
Originally the “Feast of the Dead” was celebrated in Celtic countries by leaving food offerings on altars and doorsteps for the “wandering dead”. Today a lot of practitioners still carry out that tradition. Single candles were lit and left in a window to help guide the spirits of ancestors and loved ones home. Extra chairs were set to the table and around the hearth for the unseen guest. Apples were buried along roadsides and paths for spirits who were lost or had no descendants to provide for them. Turnips were hollowed out and carved to look like protective spirits, for this was a night of magic and chaos. The Wee Folke became very active, pulling pranks on unsuspecting humans. Traveling after dark was was not advised. People dressed in white (like ghosts), wore disguises made of straw, or dressed as the opposite gender in order to fool the Nature spirits.
This was the time that the cattle and other livestock were slaughtered for eating in the ensuing winter months. Any crops still in the field on Samhain were considered taboo, and left as offerings to the Nature spirits. Bonfires were built, (originally called bone-fires, for after feasting, the bones were thrown in the fire as offerings for healthy and plentiful livestock in the New Year) and stones were marked with peoples names. Then they were thrown into the fire, to be retrieved in the morning. The condition of the retrieved stone foretold of that person’s fortune in the coming year. Hearth fires were also lit from the village bonfire to ensure unity, and the ashes were spread over the harvested fields to protect and bless the land.
Various other names for this Greater Sabbat are Third Harvest, Samana, Day of the Dead, Old Hallowmas (Scottish/Celtic), Vigil of Saman, Shadowfest (Strega), and Samhuinn. Also known as All Hallow’s Eve, (that day actually falls on November 7th), and Martinmas (that is celebrated November 11th), Samhain is now generally considered the Witch’s New Year.
Symbolism of Samhain:
Third Harvest, the Dark Mysteries, Rebirth through Death.
Symbols of Samhain:
Gourds, Apples, Black Cats, Jack-O-Lanterns, Besoms.
Herbs of Samhain:
Mugwort, Allspice, Broom, Catnip, Deadly Nightshade, Mandrake, Oak leaves, Sage and Straw.
Foods of Samhain:
Turnips, Apples, Gourds, Nuts, Mulled Wines, Beef, Pork, Poultry.
Incense of Samhain:
Heliotrope, Mint, Nutmeg.
Colors of Samhain:
Black, Orange, White, Silver, Gold.
Stones of Samhain:
All Black Stones, preferably jet or obsidian.
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Beltane – Northern Hemisphere
And to my friends in the Northern Hemisphere, I wish you a blessed Beltane as the weather becomes warmer and the flowers begin to bloom. Let the sun shine down upon you and bring you joy. Blessed Be!
Beltane is the cross-quarter holiday between Spring Equinox and Summer Solstice. It is the time when the abundance of flowers and greens is a welcome relief from winter’s drabness; it was traditionally a day for leaping the Beltane fires, which were lit to honor the Sun God, and for celebrating fertility.
Beltane celebrates the blessing between Mother Earth and Father Sky and honors all life.
Both are times when the “veil” between the worlds is thought to be thinnest, and therefore magik can happen, such as visits from faeries or similar other-worldly occurrences.
This is a good time for invoking our spirit guides to help us.
A blessed Beltane to you!
Beltane is a fertility festival, concerned with Nature enchantments and offerings to Wildlings and Elementals.
The return of full-blown fertility is now very evident.
The powers of Elves and Faeries are growing and will reach their height at the Summer Solstice.
The celts respected Faeries, active at this sabbat, and were sure that these Little People would come to the celebration disguised as humans to ask for a part of the fire, which, when freely given, would give the Faeries some measure of power over the giver.
Beltane festival is held in honour of the God Bel.
In some modern traditions he is also known by the names Beli, Balar, Balor, or Belenus.
In the myth of many modern traditions of Wicca/Witchcraft, Beltane marks the appearance of the Horned One, who is the rebirth of the solar God slain during the Wheel of the Year. He then becomes consort to the Goddess, impregnating her with his seed, and thereby ensuring his own rebirth once again.
Beltane marks the beginning of summer’s half and the pastoral growing season. The word “Beltane” literally means “bright fire”, and refers to the bonfires lit during this season.
It is also a time of beginnings, the beginnings of many new projects.
Plants for Beltane: Hawthorn, honeysuckle, St Johns wort, Woodruff, All flowers.
Crystals: Emerald, Jade.
Pagan belief: The God grows into manhood, the Goddess & God unite.
Beltane Goddesses: Aphrodite, Artemis, Diana, Rhea, Cybele, Erzulie, Freya, Rhiannon, Shiela-na-gig, Venus.
Beltane Gods: Bel, Cernunnos, Cupid, Frey, Orion, Puck, Faunus, Herne, Odin, Pan. es, May Pole